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  • What is a coronavirus?
    The new coronavirus is a respiratory virus (the causative agent of SARS). It is transmitted mainly by airborne droplets from the inhalation of droplets released from the patient's respiratory tract, for example when coughing or sneezing, as well as droplets of saliva or nasal discharge. It can also be spread when a person touches any contaminated surface, such as a doorknob. In this case, infection occurs by touching the mouth, nose or eyes with dirty hands.
  • Why is the disease called coronavirus disease 2019, COVID-19?"
    On February 11, 2020, the World Health Organization announced the official name of the disease that causes the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak, first identified in Wuhan, China. The new name for this disease is coronavirus disease 2019, abbreviated as COVID-19. In COVID-19, "CO" stands for "corona", "VI" for "virus" and "D" for disease. Previously, this disease was called the "2019 novel coronavirus" or "2019-nCoV". There are many types of human coronaviruses, including those that typically cause mild upper respiratory infections. COVID-19 is a new disease caused by a novel (or new) coronavirus that has not been previously seen in humans. The name of this disease was chosen in accordance with the best practice of the World Health Organization (WHO) to refer to new human infectious diseases.
  • How dangerous is COVID‑19?
    In general, COVID-19 infection is mild, especially in children and healthy young people. However, there is a severe form of infection: about one in five cases require hospitalization. Therefore, concern for yourself and loved ones is justified. Therefore, it is very important to observe quarantine measures whenever possible in order to contain the spread of the infection and prevent its uncontrolled spread.
  • How contagious is COVID‑19?
    A person with coronavirus can infect another 3.3-5.5 people around him. Sick flu - 1-2 people. For Spanish flu - 2.8. For measles - 12-18. That is, the coronavirus is 2-3 times less contagious than measles and 2-3 times more contagious than the flu.
  • How is the virus spread?
    You can get 2019‑nCoV from other people if they are infected with the virus. The disease can be spread from person to person through small droplets released from the nose or mouth of a person with COVID-19 when coughing or sneezing. These droplets fall on objects and surfaces surrounding a person. Other people can become infected by touching such objects or surfaces first and then touching their eyes, nose, or mouth. In addition, infection can occur through inhalation of small droplets that are released when a person with COVID‑19 coughs or sneezes. For this reason, it is important to stay more than 1 meter away from a sick person.
  • Is it possible to get COVID-19 from a person who does not show any symptoms?
    According to current WHO data, the risk of infection from a person who does not have any symptoms is extremely low, since an infected person must excrete a sufficient amount of the virus in saliva and sputum. On the other hand, for many people, the symptoms of COVID-19 are very mild, especially at the beginning of the disease. Therefore, there is a risk of transmission of COVID-19 from a person who does not feel sick and only has a mild cough.
  • If I think I have/had the coronavirus, should I tell the people I've been in contact with (even if it could be a common cold)?"
    It's best to tell those you've been in contact with about this. Family members, colleagues, close friends - just in case, warn them, especially if you have been in contact with them within the last 14 days. However, if more than 14 days have passed, you can be relatively calm. If they had been significantly exposed to the virus, they would most likely have become ill by then.
  • Is coronavirus transmitted through food?
    Coronavirus can be spread both by airborne droplets and by contact. Regarding the transmission of the disease through products, experts have not yet come to a single conclusion, but they do not completely exclude this path.
  • Is the coronavirus transmitted through drinking water?
    Specialists do not exclude such a possibility. But today this is a debatable issue.In order to prevent possible other infections, experts recommend using bottled water.
  • How long does the virus survive on surfaces?
    The most important thing to know about the survival of the virus on surfaces is that surfaces are easily disinfected using common household disinfectants, which destroy the virus. According to research, the COVID-19 virus can survive up to 72 hours on plastic and stainless steel, less than 4 hours on copper, and less than 24 hours on cardboard. As always, remember to clean your hands with alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Do not touch your eyes, mouth or nose.
  • Can the virus that causes COVID-19 be spread through food, restaurants, takeaways, chilled or frozen packaged foods?
    It is generally believed that coronaviruses are transmitted from person to person through respiratory droplets. There is currently no data to support the transmission of food-borne COVID-19. Before preparing or eating food, it is important to always wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds for overall food safety. During the day, use a tissue to cover coughs or sneezes, and wash your hands after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing, or going to the bathroom. It may be possible for a person to get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object such as a packaging container that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes, but this is not considered to be the main way the virus spreads. In general, due to the poor survival of these coronaviruses on surfaces, there is likely to be a very low risk of spread from food or packaging.
  • Will warm weather stop the COVID-19 outbreak?
    It is not yet known whether weather and temperature affect the spread of COVID-19. Some other viruses, such as those that cause the common cold and flu, spread more during the colder months, but that doesn't mean it's impossible to get these viruses in other months. Much more information exists on tolerability, severity, and other features associated with COVID-19, and research is ongoing.
  • How stable is the virus under different conditions?
    In the external environment, coronaviruses are inactivated from surfaces at +33 °C in 16 hours, at +56 °C in 10 minutes; A study by Italian scientists shows that 70% ethanol, sodium hypochlorite 0.01% and chlorhexidine 1% very quickly (less than 2 minutes) damage the capsid of the virus and it cannot multiply. Another study tested popular hand sanitizers based on 45% isopropanol, 30% n-propanol, and 0.2% mesetronium ethyl sulfate; based on 80% ethanol; gel based on 85% ethanol; antiviral gel based on 95% ethanol. All hand sanitizers destroyed the virus below the detection threshold within 30 seconds. Coronaviruses remain in aerosol for 8-10 hours, in water - up to 9 days. UV irradiation with “quartz lamps” is effective against coronavirus aerosols and for removing it from the surfaces of objects. But the time of destruction of the virus by the UV lamp depends on its power and usually ranges from 2 to 15 minutes. According to the WHO, an aerosol capable of infecting others spreads only within a radius of 1 meter around an infected person, and coronaviruses cannot be transported in an aerosol for a greater distance. Coronaviruses remain infectious for several years in a lyophilized state (at +4 °C), in a frozen state (at -70 °C).
  • What should I do to avoid getting infected?
    The most important thing you can do to protect yourself is to practice good personal hygiene and reduce your visits to public and crowded places. Keep your hands clean, wash them often with soap and water or use a disinfectant. Try not to touch your mouth, nose, or eyes with unwashed hands (usually, we unconsciously make such touches on average 15 times per hour). At work and at home, regularly clean and disinfect surfaces and devices that you touch (computer or laptop keyboard, smartphone screen, remotes, switches and doorknobs). Carry disposable tissues with you and always cover your nose and mouth when you cough or sneeze. Do not eat food (nuts, chips, cookies, and other snacks) from shared packages or utensils if other people have dipped their fingers in them. Explain to the children how germs spread and why good hand and face hygiene is important. Tell children about coronavirus prevention. Ventilate the premises often. If possible, keep a distance of at least 1 meter when communicating with colleagues, friends, family and loved ones If you find symptoms similar to those caused by coronavirus, stay at home and call a doctor.
  • How can I protect myself and prevent the spread of the disease?
    There are a few simple preventative measures you can take to help reduce your risk of contracting or spreading COVID-19: Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Why? Using an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water can kill viruses that may be on the skin. Stay at least one meter away from others. Why? When a person coughs, sneezes, or talks, tiny droplets are released from the nose or mouth, which may contain the virus. If you are too close, you can inhale these droplets and become infected if the person is sick with COVID-19. Avoid crowded places. Why? In crowded places, it is much more likely to be in close contact with a person infected with COIVD-19, and it is more difficult to maintain a distance of 1 meter from others. If possible, avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth. Why? We touch so many surfaces with our hands, and the virus can get on our hands. With dirty hands, we can transfer the virus to the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose or mouth. From there, it is able to enter the body and cause an infection. Both you and those around you should strictly observe the rules of respiratory hygiene. To do this, when coughing or sneezing, you need to cover your mouth or nose with your elbow or tissue. The used tissue should be discarded immediately and your hands should be washed. Why? The virus is transmitted through small droplets. By following the rules of respiratory hygiene, you can protect others from viral diseases such as SARS, flu and COVID-19. Self-isolate at home until you have recovered, even if you have mild symptoms of illness, such as a cough, headache, mild fever, or a slight runny nose. Ask someone to deliver groceries to your home. If you must leave the house, wear a mask to avoid infecting others. Why? Avoiding contact with others will help protect them from contracting COVID-19 and other viral diseases. If you have a fever, cough and shortness of breath, seek medical attention by calling ahead if possible; follow the instructions of local health authorities. Why? Central and local health authorities have the most up-to-date information on the epidemiological situation in your area. Contacting a doctor by phone will allow him to promptly refer you to a specialized medical institution. In addition, by doing so, you will protect yourself and help prevent the spread of viral and other infections. Stay up-to-date with reputable sources such as WHO and local/national health authorities. Why? Local and national health authorities are the most competent in recommending preventive measures in your area.
  • I have these symptoms, what should I do?
    If you have these symptoms, stay home and be sure to call the hotline at 511 or 311 or call an ambulance. Also, each region has its own helpline: Dushanbe: 37 227 31 74 Khatlon: 8 32 222 23 41, 8 32 222 22 73 Sogd: 8 34 224 65 92 GBAO: 935 08 71 75, 935 81 55 66
  • When should you wear a mask?
    Medical masks should be worn primarily by those who have symptoms of a cold (the mask retains most of the saliva of a coughing or sneezing person, which helps reduce the risk of infection for others), as well as those who provide medical care to the sick and care for behind them.Healthy people can use masks when visiting public places and public transport, but the effectiveness will be high only in combination with other prevention methods.After two or three hours of constant use, the mask must be changed. Disposable medical masks must not be reused or reprocessed. Reusable masks can only be reused after treatment: you need to wash them with soap or detergent, then treat them with a steam generator or an iron with a steam function.
  • How to use the mask correctly?
    Before putting on the mask, clean your hands with alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Put on the mask so that it covers your nose and mouth without gaps. Do not touch the mask during use; if touched, use alcohol-based hand rub or wash with soap and water. Once the mask becomes damp, replace it with a new one. After use, remove the mask by holding the elastic bands at the back (do not touch the front) and discard it in a resealable waste container; then clean your hands with alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.
  • What is better - a mask or a respirator?
    Surgical masks are designed to prevent droplets and splashes of saliva or blood. These masks act as a physical barrier against airborne viruses and germs, but are less effective because they lack a protective filter.FFP3 class respirators are required when working with highly hazardous substances, radioactive materials and when there is a threat of contact with viruses and bacteria. It is them that WHO recommends to use for staff and doctors who are in contact with sick or potentially sick people.
  • Is there a vaccine, drug, or other treatment for COVID-2019?"
    Some Western, traditional, or home remedies may help relieve or relieve symptoms of COVID-19, but no drug has yet been shown to be effective in preventing or treating this disease. WHO does not recommend self-medication or self-administration of any drugs as a preventive measure or medicine against COVID-19. However, several clinical trials are currently underway, which are studying medicines from both Western and traditional medicine. WHO is coordinating efforts to develop vaccines and drugs to prevent and treat COVID-19 and will publish updates as research results become available. The most effective ways to protect yourself and others from COVID-19 are: Frequent and thorough hand hygiene. Exclusion of touching eyes, nose and mouth with hands. Covering your mouth when coughing with your elbow or a disposable handkerchief. A used disposable handkerchief should be discarded immediately and your hands should be washed. Maintain a distance of at least 1 meter from others.
  • What complications can occur after a coronavirus infection?
    The new coronavirus infection belongs to acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) and its complications may be the same as other acute respiratory viral infections - pneumonia, bronchitis, sinusitis and others.
  • What does "self-isolation" mean?
    Self-isolation is an important preventive measure that people with symptoms of COVID-19 take on their own to prevent infection of others, including family members. In self-isolation, a person with a fever, cough, or other symptoms of COVID-19 stays at home and does not go to work, school, or public places. This can be done voluntarily or on the advice of a doctor. However, if malaria or dengue fever is circulating in your area, fever should not be ignored. You need to see a doctor. When visiting a medical facility, you must wear a mask and, if possible, stay at least 1 meter away from other people, and do not touch objects and surfaces with your hands. If your child is sick, help him follow these recommendations. If you do not live in an area where malaria or dengue is circulating, the following procedure should be followed: Those who have a mild form of the disease should remain in self-isolation (medical assistance is not required) You must stay in a single, spacious and well-ventilated room with hand hygiene facilities and a bathroom. If there is no separate room, it is necessary to provide a distance of at least 1 meter between the beds. Keep at least 1 meter away from others, even family members. Monitor your symptoms daily. You must self-isolate for 14 days even if you do not feel any signs of illness. If you develop shortness of breath, contact your doctor immediately, if possible by phone. Stay positive and upbeat by keeping in touch with loved ones by phone or online, and exercising at home.
  • What does "self-quarantine" mean?
    Self-quarantine is the isolation of a person who has been in contact with someone infected with COVID-19, even if they are not symptomatic. During self-quarantine, you should monitor your health and symptoms yourself. The purpose of self-quarantine is to prevent further spread of the infection. Since those infected with COVID-19 can infect other people from the very first days, self-quarantine can avoid cases of further transmission of the infection. Those in self-quarantine must: Stay in a single, spacious and well-ventilated room with hand hygiene facilities and a bathroom. If there is no separate room, provide a distance of at least 1 meter between the beds. Keep at least 1 meter away from others, even family members. Monitor daily for symptoms. Respect self-quarantine for 14 days even if there are no signs of illness. If you develop shortness of breath, contact your doctor immediately, if possible by phone. Stay positive and upbeat by keeping in touch with loved ones by phone or online, and exercising at home. However, if malaria or dengue fever is circulating in your area, fever should not be ignored. Contact your doctor. When visiting a medical facility, you must wear a mask and, if possible, keep a distance of at least 1 meter from other people, and also do not touch objects and surfaces with your hands. If your child is sick, help him follow these recommendations.
  • What safety precautions should be observed when going to the store?
    In stores, keep a distance of at least 1 meter from others and do not touch your eyes, mouth or nose with your hands. If possible, sanitize the handles of grocery baskets or carts before use. Wash your hands thoroughly when you return from the store, as well as after sorting out the brought purchases. At the moment, there are no cases of COVID-19 infection through food or their packaging.
  • How to properly wash fruits and vegetables?
    Fruits and vegetables are an important part of a healthy diet. They must be washed in the same way as always: before touching them, wash your hands with soap and water. After that, wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly with clean water, especially if you eat them raw.
  • Are antibiotics effective in preventing and treating 2019-NCOV infection?
    No, antibiotics are only for treating bacterial infections and do not work against viruses. COVID-19 is a viral disease, so antibiotics are not effective for its treatment. Antibiotics should not be used to prevent or treat COVID-19. In hospitals, in some cases, doctors prescribe antibiotics to patients with severe COVID-19 to prevent or treat secondary bacterial infections that are a complication of the underlying disease. Antibiotics should only be used when prescribed by a doctor to treat a bacterial infection.
  • Can relatives of someone infected with coronavirus visit him in the hospital?
    No. During the isolation period, visiting the patient is prohibited in order to prevent the spread of infection. Patients who are in the hospital can use mobile phones and other means of communication to communicate with relatives.Relatives can provide food and personal items to patients, however, there are some restrictions that must be clarified with the hospital help desk.
  • What measures should be taken after discharge from the hospital?
    After discharge, it is necessary to follow the same measures for the prevention of viral infections as for other healthy people: avoid mass gatherings, wash hands, ventilate rooms, etc.
  • Are there any additional risks for pregnant women? Are there any complications during childbirth?
    The presence of a new type of coronavirus in pregnant women can lead to premature birth and caesarean section. Also, during childbirth or abortion, the risk of death increases.In general, according to experts, coronavirus disease can significantly complicate the course of pregnancy. Therefore, expectant mothers are advised to strictly observe the regime of self-isolation and even refuse to visit the antenatal clinic, if possible, transferring receptions to a remote format.
  • What are the symptoms of coronavirus?
    Main symptoms: Increased body temperature (in >90% of cases) Cough (dry or with little sputum) in 80% of cases Shortness of breath (in 55% of cases) Feeling of tightness in the chest (>20% of cases) Rare symptoms (at the beginning of the disease may be observed without fever) Headaches (8%) Hemoptysis (5%) Diarrhea (3%) Nausea, vomiting Heartbeat In most people (about 80%), the disease ends in recovery, while specific therapeutic measures are not required. In about one in six cases of COVID-19, severe symptoms develop with respiratory failure. Older people and people with chronic conditions such as hypertension, heart disease, or diabetes are more likely to have a severe illness. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, you should immediately call an ambulance.
  • How long does it take for symptoms of a new coronavirus infection to appear?
    Symptoms in most cases appear within 14 days of contact with an infectious patient.
  • How many days do people get sick with coronavirus?
    The average duration of a coronavirus infection is 13-22 days: 1-4 days - the above first manifestations of the disease are observed, the temperature rises to febrile numbers (more than 38०С), there are often muscle pains; 5-6 days - there is a feeling of lack of air, shortness of breath, coughing fits become longer; Day 7 - breathing problems get worse; 8-9 days - in a severe variant of the course, respiratory failure occurs, requiring oxygen support; 10-11 days - with a favorable variant, patients begin to recover, respiratory disorders are less pronounced; Day 12 - most patients experience a decrease in body temperature to normal; 13-22 days - gradual recovery, normalization of all body functions. Unlike other respiratory viral diseases, a runny nose is extremely rare with COVID-19 coronavirus. Also, this disease is not characterized by diarrhea and abdominal pain (no more than 4% of cases).
  • How to understand that you have a coronavirus without a doctor?
    At the moment, there is no way to be sure of this. This requires antibody tests to determine if there has been a previous infection. But these tests are still being developed and are not yet ready for clinical use. The only currently working way to find out that a person is infected with the coronavirus is to take a test, and while the virus is still in the body. In case the result is positive, it will be necessary to take appropriate measures.
  • Can I get coronavirus and not have any symptoms?
    Coronavirus actually has a fairly significant and varied range of symptoms. Among those infected may be: People with no symptoms at all, unaware they are infected; People with very mild cold symptoms: runny nose, congestion, sore throat; People with a lot of flu-like symptoms: high fever, muscle pain, shortness of breath and cough; People with serious illnesses who are hospitalized with respiratory failure and need intensive care.
  • What percentage of carriers are asymptomatic?
    None of the doctors can say for sure. However, there was a study in Iceland that tested a large proportion of the population and 50% of people who tested positive were asymptomatic. A study by an Italian immunologist also speaks of such and even higher figures. Sergio Romanani, a professor of clinical immunology at the University of Florence, took a swab from all 3,000 residents of the commune of Vaud in Italy and found that the majority of people, namely from 50 to 75%, cleared COVID-19 without any symptoms, but all these humans still represent a serious source of infection.
  • Who needs to be tested for coronavirus?
    to everyone who returned from abroad with signs of respiratory diseases; to everyone who has been in contact with infected people; people with community-acquired pneumonia; people over 65 with symptoms of a respiratory illness; doctors at risk of contracting COVID-2019 in the workplace; To all those who are in institutions of permanent residence (special institutions of a closed type, cadet corps, boarding schools) with symptoms of a respiratory disease.
  • On the basis of what are supposedly infected people hospitalized?
    Information will be updated soon
  • Who is subject to hospitalization together with the sick person?
    The decision on hospitalization is made by the doctor conducting the examination, depending on the severity of the condition and the proximity of contacts with the sick person.
  • Where can I get tested for COVID-19?
    The process and locations of testing vary from location to location. For more information, contact your state, local, or area office, or consult a physician.
  • Can a person test negative and later test positive for COVID-19?"
    When using a CDC-developed virus test, a negative result means that the virus that causes COVID-19 was not detected in a person's sample. In the early stages of infection, it is possible that the virus will not be detected. For COVID-19, a negative test result for a sample collected while a person has symptoms most likely means that the COVID-19 virus is not causing their current illness.
  • Can you get sick again?
    To date, there is very little accumulated data on how long immunity lasts after suffering COVID-19, but there are no confirmed cases of reinfection in the current epidemic. Because the illness can last for several weeks, it can give the false impression that the person has been re-infected. But this is only a prolonged course of the same disease.
  • Can children or teenagers get COVID-19?
    Scientific evidence indicates that children and adolescents are at the same risk of infection as other age groups, and can also be a source of further spread of infection. Children and young people are reportedly less at risk of developing severe illness, but severe cases of COVID-19 can also occur in these age groups. Children and adults should follow the same recommendations for self-quarantine and self-isolation if they are likely to have been in contact with a sick person or if they are symptomatic. It is especially important to exclude children from contact with the elderly, as well as those who are at risk of a more severe course of the disease.
  • How can I protect my child from COVID-19 infection?
    You can encourage your child to help stop the spread of COVID-19 by teaching them to do the same things everyone should do to stay healthy. Avoid close contact with sick people. Stay at home when you are sick, except for getting medical attention. Cover your coughs and sneezes with a tissue and throw the tissue in the trash. Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing; go to the bathroom; and before eating or preparing food. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Always wash your hands with soap and water if your hands are visibly dirty. Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces and objects (such as tables, countertops, light switches, doorknobs, and cabinet handles). Wash items, including washable plush toys, as needed and according to manufacturer's instructions. If possible, wash items using the warmest suitable water settings and dry them completely. Dirty linen from a sick person can be washed with the help of other people's things.
  • Are the symptoms of COVID-19 different in children than in adults?
    No. The symptoms of COVID-19 are similar in children and adults. However, children with confirmed COVID-19 tend to have mild symptoms. Reported symptoms in children include cold-like symptoms such as fever, runny nose, and cough. Vomiting and diarrhea have also been reported. It is not yet known whether some children may be at greater risk of severe illness, such as those with underlying illnesses and special health needs. Much remains to be learned about how the disease affects children.
  • Should children wear masks?
    The CDC recommends that all 2 years and older wear a cloth face covering that covers their nose and mouth when they are out in the community. Cloth face coverings should NOT be applied to children or children under 2 years of age due to choking hazard. Exceptions are children under 2 years of age, as well as persons with breathing problems or who are unconscious, incapacitated or otherwise unable to remove the protective mask without assistance. Wearing cloth face coverings is a public health measure that people should take to reduce the spread of COVID-19 in addition to (not) social distancing, frequent hand cleaning, and other daily preventive measures. The cloth face covering is not intended to protect the user, but may prevent the spread of the virus from the user to others. This would be especially important if someone is infected but has no symptoms. Medical masks and N95 respirators remain reserved for medical personnel and other first responders, in accordance with current CDC guidelines.
  • What is Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C) and who is at risk?
    The CDC is working with state and local health departments to investigate reports of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) associated with COVID-19 and gather more information as quickly as possible about how common it is and who is at risk. risk. As new information becomes available, we will continue to provide information for parents and guardians, as well as health and public health professionals. MIS-C has been described as inflammation (swelling) in many body systems, possibly including the heart, lungs, kidneys, brain, skin, eyes, and gastrointestinal organs. Signs and symptoms of MIS-C include fever and various symptoms such as abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, neck pain, rash, and feeling tired. If your child has any of these symptoms, other symptoms of COVID-19, or other signs, contact your pediatrician. If your child develops any warning signs, including trouble breathing, persistent chest pain or pressure, new confusion, inability to wake up or stay awake, bluish lips or face, severe abdominal pain, or other signs, seek emergency care right away.
  • Ablution Rules: How to Have a Safe Funeral
    After the spread of the coronavirus in Tajikistan, the authorities introduced restrictive measures related to the burial ceremony of the dead. So, the number of those present at the funeral is reduced to a minimum, and the farewell to the body takes place with increased security measures. Tajik doctor Mirzo Khodzhimuhammad spoke about the rules that must be strictly observed when washing people who died from coronavirus. According to Hojimuhammad, COVID-19 persists on the clothes and skin of the dead for up to 72 hours. In addition, the infection is in the oral cavity, and in the respiratory tract, and even in the intestines. Accordingly, the body is a source of infection for others, quotes the words of the doctor of the CoES of the republic. According to him, the deceased does not pose a big threat, as he does not breathe, does not sneeze and does not cough. This means that compared to live carriers of the virus, the risk for transmission is much lower, but still there. Therefore, the doctor recommends that everyone who is directly involved in ablution and burial be extremely careful and follow a number of rules. Those who wash the body of the deceased should be in waterproof clothing or a plastic apron, wear rubber gloves, a mask that covers the mouth and nose, goggles, as there is a risk of splashing water during washing," the expert says.It is important to use only chlorinated water (0.05% chlorine solution) during the ceremony. Khojimuhammad emphasizes that one should not be afraid to approach the body after correctly performed procedures. The main thing is to avoid touching.Those who are still in direct contact are recommended to complete the disinfection procedure themselves after all this. So, WHO recommended burying things that were used at funerals in the ground, and washing the rest of the clothes in powder at a temperature of at least 60 degrees. Source: .ru%2Fnews
  • Что должны знать работники похоронного бюро об обращении с умершими?
  • Are people with hypertension at risk during COVID-19?
    At this time, we do not think that people with high blood pressure and other conditions are more likely than others to become seriously ill from COVID-19. While many people who become seriously ill with COVID-19 have high blood pressure, they are often older or have other medical conditions such as obesity, diabetes, and severe heart disease that increase the risk of severe illness from COVID-19. If you have high blood pressure, it is extremely important to keep it under control to reduce the risk of heart disease and strokes. Take your blood pressure medications as directed, keep a journal of your blood pressure each day if you can take your blood pressure at home, and work with your doctor to make sure your blood pressure is well controlled. Any changes to your medications should be made in consultation with your healthcare team.
  • Should you continue taking your blood pressure medication?
    Yes. Continue to take your medications as prescribed and make lifestyle changes as agreed in your treatment plan. Continue taking all your usual medications, including angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-Is) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), as directed by your healthcare team.
  • Who is at risk?
    COVID-19 is a new disease and information about risk factors for severe illness is limited. Based on currently available information and clinical experience, older people and people of any age who have serious underlying medical conditions may be at increased risk of severe illness due to COVID-19. Based on what we know now, people at high risk of severe illness from COVID-19: People aged 65 and over People who live in nursing homes or long-term care facilities People of all ages with comorbidities, especially if poorly managed, including: People with chronic lung disease or moderate to severe asthma People who have serious heart disease Immunocompromised people Many conditions can cause a person to become immunocompromised, including cancer treatment, smoking, bone marrow or organ transplants, immunodeficiency, poorly controlled HIV or AIDS, and long-term use of corticosteroids and other immunosuppressive drugs. People with severe obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥40) People with diabetes People with chronic kidney disease on dialysis People with liver disease
  • What should people at increased risk of getting seriously ill with COVID-19 do?
    If you are at higher risk of getting sick from COVID-19, you should: Stock up with supplies Take daily precautions to keep space between yourself and others When you go out in public, stay away from other sick people Limit close contact and wash your hands frequently Avoid crowds, cruises, and non-essential trips If there is an outbreak in your community, stay home as much as possible. Watch for symptoms and emergency signs. If you are sick, stay home and call your doctor.
  • Are there any medications I should avoid if I have COVID-19?"
    There is currently no evidence that taking ibuprofen or naproxen can lead to more severe COVID-19 infection. People with high blood pressure should take their blood pressure medications as directed and work with their healthcare provider to make sure their blood pressure is as well controlled as possible. Any changes to your medications should only be made by your doctor.
  • Are people with disabilities at higher risk?
    The main pathologies and groups of diseases that put you at high risk of developing and severe course of coronavirus include: bronchial asthma of any severity; cancer of any localization; cystic fibrosis; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with emphysema or bronchitis; primary immunodeficiency (PID) chronic heart disease, such as heart failure; chronic kidney disease; chronic liver disease, such as hepatitis; chronic neurological conditions such as Parkinson's disease, motor neurone disease, multiple sclerosis (MS), learning disabilities, or cerebral palsy; diabetes; problems with the spleen (such as sickle cell anemia or if you have had your spleen removed); HIV and AIDS; overweight (BMI 40 or higher). This is due to the weakened immune system of such patients and their lack of strength to fight a viral infection.
  • What steps can my family take to reduce our risk of getting COVID-19?"
    Practice daily preventive actions to help reduce your risk of getting sick and remind everyone in your home to do the same. These actions are especially important for the elderly and people with severe chronic diseases: Avoid close contact with sick people. Stay at home when you are sick, except to get medical attention. Cover your coughs and sneezes with a tissue and throw it in the trash. Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing; going to the bathroom; as well as before eating or preparing food. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Always wash your hands with soap and water if your hands are visibly dirty. Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces and objects (such as tables, countertops, light switches, doorknobs, and cabinet handles). Launder items, including washable plush toys, as needed and according to the manufacturer's instructions. If possible, wash the items using the warmest appropriate water setting for the items and dry them completely. Dirty linen of a sick person can be washed with other people's things.
  • What should I do if someone in my home gets sick with COVID-19?"
    Most people who get COVID-19 will be able to recover at home. The CDC has guidelines for people who are recovering at home and their caregivers, including: Stay at home when you are sick, except for getting medical attention. Use a separate room and bathroom for sick family members (if possible). Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing; going to the bathroom; as well as before eating or preparing food. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Always wash your hands with soap and water if your hands are visibly dirty. Provide your sick family member with clean, disposable face masks to wear at home, if available, to prevent the spread of COVID-19 to others. Clean the sick room and bathroom as needed to avoid unnecessary contact with the sick person. Avoid sharing personal items such as utensils, food, and drinks.
  • What cleaning products should be used to protect against COVID-19?
    Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces such as tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, knobs, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets and sinks. If surfaces are dirty, clean them with detergent or soap and water before disinfecting. Most common EPA-registered household disinfectants will work for disinfection.
  • Is there a treatment for COVID-19?
    So far, there are no specific drugs for coronaviruses, and the treatment consists of supportive therapy prescribed according to the patient's condition. WHO recommends the use of ribavirin (an antiviral drug for hepatitis C and hemorrhagic fevers) and interferon β-1b. They can non-specifically suppress the reproduction of the virus and improve the course of the disease. Patients with pneumonia should be given antimicrobials. For sepsis, hydrocortisone. Oxygen and ventilators are important for severe cases. Popular antiviral drugs such as Arbidol, Kagocel and others are not effective against coronavirus, like garlic and similar treatments. China has approved favipiravir, originally developed as an anti-flu drug that blocks viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, for use in the treatment of COVID-19. The Wuhan Institute of Virology has filed a patent application for the drug remdesivir, developed back in 2016 by the American company Gilead Sciences as a cure for the Ebola virus. In a paper published in Cell Research, Chinese scientists claim that the combination of remdesivir and chloroquine, a malaria drug, effectively inhibits NCP replication in vitro in cell culture.
  • What medicines should be stocked up?
    Medications you take regularly: blood pressure medications, diabetic medications, inhalers for asthma, hormonal medications, migraine medications, etc. Medications that you are currently taking as a course - they should also be stocked up in advance. Drugs for the relief of acute cases (hypertensive crises, fever, pain, heartburn, allergies, and so on). Check that at home there are bandages and alcohol wipes in case of injuries, chlorhexidine if you need to disinfect the wound. Perhaps Panthenol in case of burns.
  • Can a person get COVID-19 from an animal?
    The possible source of 2019‑nCoV in animals has not yet been identified. As a precaution, avoid direct contact with animals in public places, as well as touching surfaces that animals come into contact with. When handling raw meat, milk, animal organs, care should be taken to avoid cross-contamination of other uncooked products, and in addition, raw or semi-raw animal products should be avoided.
  • Can I get COVID-19 from a pet?
    There is no evidence yet that dogs, cats, or other pets can be infected with COVID-19.
  • Bilateral pneumonia - is it a coronavirus or not?
    Scientists have not yet reached a consensus on whether the coronavirus infection is pneumonia. This point of view is supported by the fact that the symptoms of these diseases are almost identical. Pneumonia and coronavirus lung disease have different etiologies and forms of development. In the first case, only certain segments in one, more often two paired organs are affected. With COVID-19, inflammation spreads to the entire organ.
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